正蓝旗| 普安| 通河| 宜章| 古冶| 高邮| 上虞| 沅江| 贡嘎| 黄骅| 监利| 临猗| 习水| 沙坪坝| 左贡| 平顶山| 如东| 松滋| 台安| 甘孜| 伊川| 鲁山| 宜昌| 平塘| 澄迈| 石拐| 东阳| 雅安| 江源| 曲水| 大城| 陇县| 水城| 安县| 大宁| 德昌| 法库| 宁蒗| 秦安| 梅里斯| 石门| 贡山| 城口| 双峰| 交城| 通化市| 紫云| 泰兴| 丹巴| 理塘| 新青| 崇左| 米易| 潜江| 沅江| 博罗| 呼和浩特| 盐山| 卓资| 鄂伦春自治旗| 清苑| 进贤| 若尔盖| 宿州| 沛县| 华阴| 枞阳| 卓尼| 友好| 盐山| 康定| 翁牛特旗| 临海| 安国| 马鞍山| 鄄城| 南海镇| 紫云| 尉氏| 安乡| 安岳| 扶余| 哈密| 浦东新区| 西华| 云溪| 兴隆| 乌海| 上虞| 龙游| 苍溪| 泰安| 兰州| 大方| 神农架林区| 台山| 黄山区| 白云| 华亭| 绵阳| 乌拉特后旗| 舞阳| 大港| 抚松| 固安| 龙江| 利川| 呼玛| 额济纳旗| 普洱| 宁化| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 五家渠| 迭部| 延长| 内丘| 滨州| 木里| 阿拉善左旗| 钓鱼岛| 赤峰| 米易| 万安| 长阳| 来安| 绥化| 新都| 英德| 崇州| 珠海| 寻甸| 涿鹿| 邗江| 勃利| 香河| 万荣| 平定| 临邑| 峰峰矿| 奉贤| 商洛| 广州| 吴起| 嘉鱼| 青县| 安溪| 蛟河| 桐柏| 江川| 遂宁| 玉林| 贾汪| 双阳| 仁化| 潼南| 平利| 密云| 哈尔滨| 南皮| 交城| 伊宁县| 阜康| 孝义| 漠河| 府谷| 新宾| 李沧| 云溪| 兰坪| 太仓| 赤水| 广灵| 南康| 新建| 百色| 佛冈| 甘孜| 加查| 清苑| 祁县| 平山| 密山| 路桥| 包头| 天祝| 六枝| 公安| 霸州| 临泉| 甘南| 汕尾| 高淳| 青岛| 正镶白旗| 永川| 崂山| 山东| 垣曲| 张家界| 凤阳| 鄂伦春自治旗| 台前| 相城| 上蔡| 临桂| 赣榆| 本溪市| 察雅| 五峰| 乐东| 张家口| 双辽| 甘孜| 铜陵市| 索县| 定西| 山东| 察布查尔| 屏东| 正安| 奉节| 佳县| 三台| 西充| 宜章| 郑州| 阿拉善左旗| 昆山| 鹤山| 灌阳| 永安| 道县| 中阳| 温江| 吉首| 西青| 林周| 滨州| 洛宁| 长丰| 南山| 阿荣旗| 乌恰| 从江| 喀喇沁左翼| 德钦| 奇台| 应城| 元坝| 马边| 西畴| 香河| 阳信| 班玛| 盐田| 永济| 长丰| 沧源| 华县| 靖宇| 淄博| 英吉沙| 宝山|

合肥:民俗展演迎新春(1)

2019-09-21 04:20 来源:漳州新闻网

  合肥:民俗展演迎新春(1)

  Shanghaigovernmentandinternationalpartnerscelebratedthelaunchof‘AmazingShanghai’,apromotionaleventfortheinauguralChinaInternationalImportExpo,atLiverpool’InternationalBusineesFestivalonTuesday.[PhotobyCecilyLiu/ChinaDaily]ShanghaidelegatesvisitingsistercityLiverpoolthisweekfortheInternationalBusinessFestivalareurgingBritishcomp,vice-mayorofShanghai,saidthenewexpoisavitalmovetofurtheropentheChinesemarkettotherestoftheworld,’sflagshipbiannualtradefair,where7,000internationalbusinessesgatheroverthreeweeksseekingtosecuretradedeals.“Forbusinesseswithaglobalvision,theChinaInternationalImportExpoissomethingyoucannotmiss,”saidXu.“Chinahasabigmarket,whereconsumptionanddemandforimportedgoodsgrowrapidly.”Chinaisexpectedtoimportmorethan$10trillioningoodsandservicesoverthenextfiveyears,’stransitionintoaconsumption-ledgrowthmodel,,co-hostedbyChina’sMinistryofCommerceandShanghaismunicipalgovernment,’sreformandopeningup,whichprovidesthebackdroptoChina’,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedfurthermeasurestoopenChina’,vice-mayorofLiverpool,saidthestronglinkbetweenthetwocitiesischaracterizedbytrade,partnership,,100companiesacrossmorethan100countriesandregionshaveregisteredtoattendtheChinaInternationalImportExpo,onNov5–10,,andbusinessesfromShanghaihavebeenvisitingLiverpool’hitecturaldesignbetweenShanghai’swaterfront,alsoknownastheBund,andthefamousThreeGracesskylineatLiverpool’,aninitiativeoftheLiverpoolgovernment,hasalreadyboostedUKtradeandinvestmentactivitiesbyacumulated600millionpounds($800million).Theorganizershopethe2018festivalw,headofHSBCUK’sChinaDesk,saidUK-Chinatraderelationsareyettoreachtheirfullpotential.“Thereisgreatcomplementarity,asBritainhasexpertiseinmanysectorsthatareofstrategicfocusinChina,includingrobotics,railwaytransport,marineenergy,newenergy,newmaterials,andpharmaceutical,”,BritishcompaniesstillencounterchallengesinChina,includingculturalunderstanding,localmanagementpracticesandfindingsuitablelocalstrategyandbusinessmodels,hesaid.DennisChang,divisionpresident,MastercardChina.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountryestoftheworldwithitsleadingfinancialproductsandservicesPleaseusethreewordstodescribeChina,y,analmosthalf-centuryoldgovernmentagenda,whichthroughenormouswholehearteddetermination,,andhasdemonstratedimpressiveresilience,continuouslyplayingakeyroleinChinaformandopening-uppolicy40yearsagoChinahasmaderemarkableaccomplishmentssincetheintroductionofthereformandopening-uppolicy,andnowundertheleadershipofPresidentXiJinping,aneweraforChinahasstarted,,Chinawillbuildamoderatelyprosperoussocietybyel,Chinaaimstobeastrongglobalpowerthatseeksto,Chinasascendinggloballeadershipcanbeseenasoneofthebiggestachievements,,sfurtheropening-upwillcreatemoreconnectionswiththerestoftheworld,andinturn,provideuswithmoreopportunitiestoservecustomers,,MastercardskeybusinessinvolvessupportingChinasexchangewiththeworld,,andareincreasnmarkets,ssreformandopening-uppolitiesforMastercarasterca,,cutting-edgetechnologiesandworld-leadingproductsandservices,andthroughexportingthefruitsofChinasamazingdevelopmenttotherestoftheworld,Mastercardisalwaystherehelp,,covering210countriesandregions,,Chinesecompanies,especiallypaymentcompanies,casroleintheworldtodayInmyopinion,lorganizationsandforums,andforChinatoengagewiththeworldinamoresustainedway,itismucheasiertotakealeadingrolein,Chinacanfullyleveragetnsexpansionsglobally,butitisequallyimportantthatitcanbetterrecognizethevalueofexistingmultinationalcompaniesthasexperienceandpracticesbeusedtosolveglobalproblemsAccordingtotheReportontheWorkoftheGovernmentthisyear,PremierLiKeqiangreportedtotheNationalPeoplesCongressthatinthepastfiveyears,,andalsoaflagshipexamplefortherestoftheworld,astheUNsSustainable,Chinaisinventriesinvolved,ChinaisworkingwiththeWorldTradeOrganizationandtheInternationalMonetaryFund,sopening-upisnowacornerstoneoftheworldseconomicgrowth,tivechangesbroughtbytherevolutionarydigitalizationpr,Chinesepeoplelivedina"dot-to-dot"fashion,cashinpocket,,,,,,,ment,werecentlyunveiledtheconceptofholisticsolutionstoenableindustryplayer,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinasafact,ratherthanaspiration,shardtocomprehendjusthowquicklyandextremelythemethodsofcommunicationusedbyChinesep,,peopleareusingmobilephonestobuysweetpotatoesonthestreet,:DennisChangAge:47Nationality:ChinaCareer:March2015onward:Divisionpresident,MastercardChinaJanuary2013-present:HeadofMastercardChinaMarch2012-January2013:Headofmarketdevelopment,MastercardChinaApril2008-February2012:Headofcards,ANZ2007-08:Vice-presidentofpersonalfinancialservicemarketing,HSBCEducation:BachelorofArtsinlanguageandliterature,ShanghaiInternationalStudiesUniversityFamily:Marriedwithtwochildren

TheskylineofShenzhen,SouthChinasGuangdongprovinceisseenonJuly22,2017.[Photo/VCG]China,asrevealedbythelatestinvestigationoftheChineseAcademyofSocialSciencesorCASS,teofthesecondquarterofthisyearwillremainthesameasthefirstquarterof2018,accordingtotheinvestigationpublishedontheChinaEconomist,,,,,ecommoditypricelevelswillincreasecomparedwiththesris135,9percentagepointslowerthanlastquarter,,about70percentoftheeconomistsbelievethepressureofovercapacitywillberelievedbutitwillstillexistforalongtimeinthenextdecade,sovercapacityisthelackofinnovativeabilitiesamongmanufacturers,ndadvancedtechnologymeansproductioncompaniescannotmanufactureproductsthatmeetdiversifiedneeds,whichleadthegovernmentcityreductionoughttoincludesettingstandardsforcapacitywithdrawal,guidingcompaniesinupgradesandperfectingthelegalsystemforenterprisebankruptcy.StudentsonstagecreateafeastfortheeyesduringAidiInternationalSchool’sculturalfestivalheldattheForbiddenCityConcertHallinBeijingonJune12.[]Withthethemeof"PayingTributetoChineseTraditionalCulture",aculturalfestivalorganizedbyAidiInternationalSchool,aleaderininternationaleducationinChina,:thesummermusicconcertGlobalCitizenswithaChineseIdentity,theculturalsalonNationalTreasureKeeper,,founderoftheAidiInternationalSchool,thebrilliantperformancesandworksofartfromstudentsaretheepitomeoftheircarefulstudiesinChinesecultureandworldculture."ForChineseinternationalstudents,learningaboutChineseculturecanhelpthemestablishtheirownculturalidentity,whileworldculturalstudiescanbroadentheirhorizons."Duringthe100-minutesummermusicconcert,avarietyofprogramsfeaturingmusic,dance,choirandoperawerepresented,,Chineseauthor,playwrightandsingerWuShuang,togetherwithseveralprimaryschoolstudents,performedthemelodramaMyStage,theclimaxoftheconcert."Thosethingsbelongingtoanationshouldbesharedwiththeworld,"saidWu."AsIhavelivedinforeigncountriesformorethan10years,IdeeplyunderstandtheimportanceofmixingEasterncivilizationwiththeWest."Shesharedherhopethatmoreandmorechildrencanactasabridgebetweendifferentcultures.

  SpanishmusiciansinBeijinggiveaconcertthatcombinesancientChinesemusicwithWesternbaroquemusic.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]ItscommonthesedaystoseeChineseandWesternmusi,,thankstotheeffortsofDiegodePantoja,aSpanishmissionarywhohadbeeninChinasincetheendofthe16thcenturyandestablishedculturalrelationswiththecourtoftheEmperorWanli(1563-1620)duringtheMingDynasty(1368-1644),eForbiddenC,spinet,,aprogramofmusinthestyleofatemple,locatedinabustlinghutonginthecity,thebuildingdatesba,withthewomendressedinqipaoandmeninChinesesuits,playedaprogyduringtheMingandQing(1644-1912)n,harpandviolone,alongsidetypicalbaroqueinstrumentssuchastheluteandharpsichord-aswellastheChineseinstruments,theerhu,dizi,,insomepieces,themelodywasaccompaniedbyanaria,whi,whichspecializesintheresearchandinterpretationofearlyChinesemusic,aswellasthemusicalrelationshipbetweenImperialChinaandtheWest.ChengYonghua,ChineseAmbassadortoJapan,speaksduringanewsconferenceatJapanNationalPressClubinTokyo,July23,2015.[Photo/VCG]ThetripwillbefirstonebyaChinesepremierineightyearsTOKYO-ChinesePremierLiKeqiangsupcomingtriptoJapanisofgreatsignificancetobilateralrelationsaswellasregionalcooperationandprosperity,meetingofChina,JapanandtheRepublicofKorea,,theambassadorsaid,isexpectedtofurtherconsolidatethewarming-upyearsofthisdecade,whichseriouslydamagedthepoliticalmutualtrustandpracticalinterestsofthetwocountries,,thetwosidesreachedafour-pointagreementthatreaffirmedtheprinciplesforthemtoproperlyhandlehistorical,territorialandotherissues,andbilateraltiesbegantoimprove,,Chengsaid,hasfurtherincreasedsinceChinesePresidentXiJinpingmetinMay2017inBeijingwithToshihiroNikai,secretary-generaloftheLiberalDemocraticParty,wholedtheJap-JapanTreatyofPeaceandFriendship,ChengsaidthetwoneighandJapanshouldsticktopeace,friendshipandcooperation,whichisnotonlythesolecorrectchoiceforthetwosides,butalsothecommonaspirationoftheinternationalcommunity,especiallytheAsiancountries,,bilateralexchangesan,bilateraltradereturnedtoabovethe$300billionlevelandpersonnelexchangesincreasedtoarecordhighof10million,,ChinaandJapanaresharingmoreandmorecommoninterests,saidCheng,addingthatastwoimportantplayersinAsiaandbeyond,thetwocountriesalsoshoulderthecommonresponsibili,hesuggested,shouldseizetheopportunitytostrengthenexchangesandcooperationinvariousfields,continuouslyexpandtheircommoninterests,,LisofficialvisittoJapanandattendanceatthetrilateralleadersmeetingareworthlookingforwardto,theambassadorsaid."Ibelievethatwiththejointeffortsofthetwosides,thisvisitwillhelpbringChina-Japanrelationsbacktotherighttracksothattheycanrealizesoundandstabledevelopment,"

  StudentsofBeijingDanceAcademy-aleadingartsschoolinChina,performadancingpieceinthestyleofancientChinasHanDynasty(206BC-AD220)attheFolkDanceGalaoftheSCOMemberStatesArtsFestivalinBeijingonJune1,,thechoreographyrevealedthedistinguishingaestheticsoftheHanDynasty-acombinationofpoemsanddance,withsinginganddancingwhilesteppingondrumstocreaterhythm.[]AfolkdancegalaofSCO,Russia,Pakistan,Kazakhstan,KyrgyzstanandUzbekistanjoinedforcestopresentadiversifiedarrayoftraditionaldances,tracingthesecountriestime-hon,whichfeaturedaconcertoftraditionaltunes,photoexhibitiohaiCooperationOrganizationinShandongprovinceonJune9and10.ThreecrestedibisesflyonSadoIsland,Japan,onDec27,2016.[Photo/IC]TOKYO-Crestedibises,theiconicbirdsthatwereonthevergeofextinctioninJapaninthe1980s,arenowprosperingandprovidingaboosttothelocaleconomyontheislandofSado,thankstoChina,theisland,white-plumedcrestedibisescanbeseenhuntingforfoodinthepaddyfields."Wecanseethesebirdsforaginginthemorningandeveningallseasonsnow,astherearecrestedibisesnestsnearourricefields,",coveringanareaof855squarekilometersandwithapopulationof55,000people,isisseenasanadvantageousresourceontheislandgivenitsrecognitionbytheUnitedNationsFoodan,,thenumberofcrestedibisesinJapanplunged",foodconsumedbycrestedibises,suchasfrogsandsmallfish,disappearedfromthepaddies,andcrestedibisesalsowenttoextinct,"saidTakayukiNishimaki,,theJapanesegovernmentcapturedthelastfivewi,thelastJapanese-borncrestedibisdiedatthecenterattheageof36,screstedibisesontheislandarealldescendantsofthosefromnorthwestChina,whiletheworldwasholdingitsbreathfortheendangeredspecies,sevenwildcrestedibiseswerediscoveredinthemountainsofShaanxi."Thegloomintheconservationcenter(inSado)wasdispelledbythegoodnews....Thesebirdsweretosavethespeciesfromextinction,"HiroyukiIshi,anenvironmentaljournalistandscientist,,Chinasuccessfullylaunchedit,twocrestedibiseswenttoSadoasagiftfromChina,,,thecityofSadoplanstoincreasethenumberofforeigntouristsfrom1,510in2011to5,000by2019,accordingtoHiroakiIwasaki,alocalgovernmentofficial,,crestedibiseshavebecomeabrandoftheirownforlocalproducts,especiallyagriculturalproducts."Weproduce20,000tonsofriceeveryyear,enoughtosatisfytheneedsof500,000peopleayear,whichistentimesofthepopulationofSado,"saidManabuWatabe,,localfarmersstressedthattheirriceis"producedinharmonywithcrestedibises".Toproducesuchrice,farmersmustmakethericepaddiesaneffectiveecologicalsystem,wheresmallcreaturescoexistinharmonyandcrestedibiseshaveplentyoffood,Nishimakiexplained."Crestedibisesincreasedemandsonprotectingtheenvironment,andthebirdssuccessfullybreedinghereshowsthatthericehereissafe,"

WhiteHouseeconomicadviserLarryKudlow.[Photo/Agencies]WASHINGTON-LarryKudlow,chiefeconomicadviserforUSPresidentDonaldTrump,hasbeenreleasedfromhospitalafteraheartattack,theWhiteHousesaidWednesday."DoctorssayLarrysrecoveryisgoingverywell,"WhiteHousepresssecretarySarahSanderssaidinastatement."ThePresidentandtheAdministrationarehappyLarryisbackhomeandlookforwardtoseeinghimbacktoworksoon."TrumptweetedMon,,,bornin1947,wasappointedbythepresiden,KudlowhasbeenastaunchdefenderofTrumpsmuch-criticizedstanceonglobaltrade.

  Theamountof"likes"asvotedbynetizensmeasuresthepopularityofeachtraineeanddeterminesifshecanstayonstage.[]Theverb"pick"isoneofthemorefrequentlyusedwordsonChinesesocialmediaplatformsthesedays,thankstothemega-hitgirlgroupsurvivalrealityshowProduce101."Pick",whichrefersto"chooseandloveme"intheshow,isnotonlythewishesofthoseyounggirls,butactsasthebridgetoconnecttheirfanswiththem—"Ifyouselectmetobeyouridol,Iwillshowthebestofmeforyou"—justlikethethemesonggoes,"Iamtheoneyoulove,babyyouwanttopickmeup."Asaspin-offoftheSouthKoreantelevisionshowofthesamename,theChineseProduce101premieredonTencentVideoonApril21andmarketeditselfas"thefirstagency-collaborationgirlgroupproject"dagainstoneanothertobecomeoneofthe11finaliststhatwouldmakeupChinasbrandnewgirlgroup.

  TocelebrateandhighlightChinasoutstanding,innovativeanddedicatednon-nativeteachersofEnglish,theBritishCouncilannouncedthefirstwinneroftheEnglishisGREATteacherAwardsroomactivities,thejudgingpanel,comprisedofexpertsfromBritishCouncilsEnglishinEducationSystems(EES)team,selectedHuConghuifromSouthChinasGuangdongprovinceasthewinnerofthe1stEnglishisGREATTeacherAward."HudidthywinnerofMaysEnglishisGREATTeacherAward,"saidtheexperts."TeachingEnglishasanon-nativespeakerisaninvaluableskillandonewhichrequirestruededicationandgenuineenthusiasmforteachingaswellasadeepunderstandingoftheEnglishLanguage,"KiranPatel,directorofStrategicCommunicationsandCorporateRelationsoftheBritishCouncilChina,said."spassionforteachingshonebrightlythroughouthersubmissionandinahighlycompetitivefieldofoutstandingteachers,thisstoodheroutasaveryworthyandinspiringwinner."Asthefirstmonthlywinner,HuwilljointhegrandfinaleinDecemberalongwithotherwinnersalongtheyearforthefinalprize–EnglishisGREATcampaign,aimedatempoweringChinesepeoplewiththeconfidenceandabilitytomasterEnglishcommunicationskills,waslaunchedduringtheUKPrimeMinisterTheresaMaysvisittoChinaonJanuary31,nambassadors–-,click.ApplesgrowninPolandattractvisitorsduringanindustryexpoheldinNingbo,EastChinasZhejiangprovince.[PhotobyZhangYongtao/ForChinaDaily]CooperationonfoodinspectionandquarantineneedstobefurtherstrengthenedbetweenChinaandtheCentralandEasternEuropeanCountriestoestablishalong-term,stableandefficientinformationexchangeandconsultationmechanism,–CEECCustomsInspectionandQuarantineCooperationDialogue,heldinNingboonJune7,attractedover280participants,includingdelegatesfrom13centralandeasternEuropeancountries,Russia,Ukraine,,vice-ministeroftheGeneralAdministrationofCustoms,saidcooperationbetweenChinaandtheCEEC,asanimportantvectorfortheBeltandRoadInitiativeinitsintegrationintotheEuropeaneconomiccircle,BudapestGuidelinesforCooperationbetweenChinaandCEEC,andanimportantm,enhancecommunicationandcoordinationmechanismforinspectionandquarantineandaccelerateimportsoffoodandagriculturalproductsintoChina,—CEECCustomsInspectionandQuarantineCooperationDialoguedocument,reachingconsensusonestablishinganinformationcommunicationandliaisonmechanism,establishingaregularmeetingandconsultationmechanismandoptimizingthecustomsinspectionandquarantinecooperationinformationnetworkbetweenChinaandtheCEEC.

  TheartexhibitionSanctuaryisunderwayatLangYuanVintageinBeijinguntilJune19.[]myplace."Itislikereopeningaworldforgottenbyhumanbeings,"Jean-CharlesPenot,artistoftheshow,saidtoChinaDailywebsite."Alongtimeago,epowerofwaterandhowwaterbringslifeandhopetopeople."GrowingupinacoastaltownnearBordeauxofFrance,Penotwasdeeplyinfluencedbyhisgrandfatherandbecameanatureloverhimself."Hetaughtmetogrowvegetables,showedmethebeautyoftheforest,namesofeverysingleplant,"Penotsaid."Mygrandpataughtmehowtorespectnatureandhownaturewillalwaysgiveyouback."

  Adelegationof37mediaagencyrepresentativesfromSCOcountriesbeginatwo-daytourofShandongprovincesQufu,birthplaceofConfucius,onSaturdayevening.[PhotobyXiangWenjian/]Adelegationof37mediaagencyrepresentativesfromShanghaiCooperationOrganizationcountriesstartedatwo-daytourofQufu,thebirthplaceofConfucius(551-479BC),,thetourwasdesignedtoprovideopportunitiesforthemediatobetterexploreandunderstandChinathroughanarrayoftraditionalculturalactivities.TocelebrateandhighlightChinasoutstanding,innovativeanddedicatednon-nativeteachersofEnglish,theBritishCouncilannouncedthefirstwinneroftheEnglishisGREATteacherAwardsroomactivities,thejudgingpanel,comprisedofexpertsfromBritishCouncilsEnglishinEducationSystems(EES)team,selectedHuConghuifromSouthChinasGuangdongprovinceasthewinnerofthe1stEnglishisGREATTeacherAward."HudidthywinnerofMaysEnglishisGREATTeacherAward,"saidtheexperts."TeachingEnglishasanon-nativespeakerisaninvaluableskillandonewhichrequirestruededicationandgenuineenthusiasmforteachingaswellasadeepunderstandingoftheEnglishLanguage,"KiranPatel,directorofStrategicCommunicationsandCorporateRelationsoftheBritishCouncilChina,said."spassionforteachingshonebrightlythroughouthersubmissionandinahighlycompetitivefieldofoutstandingteachers,thisstoodheroutasaveryworthyandinspiringwinner."Asthefirstmonthlywinner,HuwilljointhegrandfinaleinDecemberalongwithotherwinnersalongtheyearforthefinalprize–EnglishisGREATcampaign,aimedatempoweringChinesepeoplewiththeconfidenceandabilitytomasterEnglishcommunicationskills,waslaunchedduringtheUKPrimeMinisterTheresaMaysvisittoChinaonJanuary31,nambassadors–-,click.

  (L-R)SomalianDeputyMinisterofHumanitarianAffairsandDisasterManagementElmiOmarAinsane,UNICEFSomaliaRepresentativeStevenLauwerier,andChineseAmbassadortoSomaliaQinJianposeforphotosduringadonationceremonyinMogadishu,Somalia,onNov21,2017.[Photo/Xinhua]MOGADISHU-ChineseAmbassadortoSomaliaQinJianonTuesdayvisitedChina-fundedhealthfacilityinMogadishusWadjirdistrictwhereabout15,sfund(UNCIEF)benefitedfrom$,QinreiteratedhisgovernmentssupporttoSomalipeople,addingthatBeijinghasalsogivendonationsworth$lyutilizingthemoney."WearesupportingSomalidevelopmentprojects,humanitarianassistance,peaceandalsogivingoutscholarships,"ego,500childrenwhowereinitiallysufferingfrommalnutritionsinceinception."WeareveryhappyandproudofourrelationshipwiththeChinesegovernmentthatwillgoalongwayinhelpingsavelivesofchildreninthecountry,"hesaida,aMedicalCoordinatoratthehealthfacility,thenewlyrefurbishedcentertreated35,356childrenlastyear."Wescreenedatotalof34,784children,1,422childrenweretreatedwithseveremalnutritionand74werehospitalizedlastyear,"Ahmedsaid.

  ChengYonghua,ChineseAmbassadortoJapan,speaksduringanewsconferenceatJapanNationalPressClubinTokyo,July23,2015.[Photo/VCG]ThetripwillbefirstonebyaChinesepremierineightyearsTOKYO-ChinesePremierLiKeqiangsupcomingtriptoJapanisofgreatsignificancetobilateralrelationsaswellasregionalcooperationandprosperity,meetingofChina,JapanandtheRepublicofKorea,,theambassadorsaid,isexpectedtofurtherconsolidatethewarming-upyearsofthisdecade,whichseriouslydamagedthepoliticalmutualtrustandpracticalinterestsofthetwocountries,,thetwosidesreachedafour-pointagreementthatreaffirmedtheprinciplesforthemtoproperlyhandlehistorical,territorialandotherissues,andbilateraltiesbegantoimprove,,Chengsaid,hasfurtherincreasedsinceChinesePresidentXiJinpingmetinMay2017inBeijingwithToshihiroNikai,secretary-generaloftheLiberalDemocraticParty,wholedtheJap-JapanTreatyofPeaceandFriendship,ChengsaidthetwoneighandJapanshouldsticktopeace,friendshipandcooperation,whichisnotonlythesolecorrectchoiceforthetwosides,butalsothecommonaspirationoftheinternationalcommunity,especiallytheAsiancountries,,bilateralexchangesan,bilateraltradereturnedtoabovethe$300billionlevelandpersonnelexchangesincreasedtoarecordhighof10million,,ChinaandJapanaresharingmoreandmorecommoninterests,saidCheng,addingthatastwoimportantplayersinAsiaandbeyond,thetwocountriesalsoshoulderthecommonresponsibili,hesuggested,shouldseizetheopportunitytostrengthenexchangesandcooperationinvariousfields,continuouslyexpandtheircommoninterests,,LisofficialvisittoJapanandattendanceatthetrilateralleadersmeetingareworthlookingforwardto,theambassadorsaid."Ibelievethatwiththejointeffortsofthetwosides,thisvisitwillhelpbringChina-Japanrelationsbacktotherighttracksothattheycanrealizesoundandstabledevelopment,"

  TheartexhibitionSanctuaryisunderwayatLangYuanVintageinBeijinguntilJune19.[]myplace."Itislikereopeningaworldforgottenbyhumanbeings,"Jean-CharlesPenot,artistoftheshow,saidtoChinaDailywebsite."Alongtimeago,epowerofwaterandhowwaterbringslifeandhopetopeople."GrowingupinacoastaltownnearBordeauxofFrance,Penotwasdeeplyinfluencedbyhisgrandfatherandbecameanatureloverhimself."Hetaughtmetogrowvegetables,showedmethebeautyoftheforest,namesofeverysingleplant,"Penotsaid."Mygrandpataughtmehowtorespectnatureandhownaturewillalwaysgiveyouback."(L-R)SomalianDeputyMinisterofHumanitarianAffairsandDisasterManagementElmiOmarAinsane,UNICEFSomaliaRepresentativeStevenLauwerier,andChineseAmbassadortoSomaliaQinJianposeforphotosduringadonationceremonyinMogadishu,Somalia,onNov21,2017.[Photo/Xinhua]MOGADISHU-ChineseAmbassadortoSomaliaQinJianonTuesdayvisitedChina-fundedhealthfacilityinMogadishusWadjirdistrictwhereabout15,sfund(UNCIEF)benefitedfrom$,QinreiteratedhisgovernmentssupporttoSomalipeople,addingthatBeijinghasalsogivendonationsworth$lyutilizingthemoney."WearesupportingSomalidevelopmentprojects,humanitarianassistance,peaceandalsogivingoutscholarships,"ego,500childrenwhowereinitiallysufferingfrommalnutritionsinceinception."WeareveryhappyandproudofourrelationshipwiththeChinesegovernmentthatwillgoalongwayinhelpingsavelivesofchildreninthecountry,"hesaida,aMedicalCoordinatoratthehealthfacility,thenewlyrefurbishedcentertreated35,356childrenlastyear."Wescreenedatotalof34,784children,1,422childrenweretreatedwithseveremalnutritionand74werehospitalizedlastyear,"Ahmedsaid.

  

  合肥:民俗展演迎新春(1)

 
责编:
关闭
当前位置:新闻 > 文史 > 正文

解放军接管大上海时培训手册:团结市民心连心

2019-09-21 09:03:53  澎湃新闻网  
Adelegationof37mediaagencyrepresentativesfromSCOcountriesbeginatwo-daytourofShandongprovincesQufu,birthplaceofConfucius,onSaturdayevening.[PhotobyXiangWenjian/]Adelegationof37mediaagencyrepresentativesfromShanghaiCooperationOrganizationcountriesstartedatwo-daytourofQufu,thebirthplaceofConfucius(551-479BC),,thetourwasdesignedtoprovideopportunitiesforthemediatobetterexploreandunderstandChinathroughanarrayoftraditionalculturalactivities.

《城市常识》:解放军接管大上海的培训手册 王书吟

1949年初淮海战役甫告结束,接管大上海的任务随即提上日程。对于大部分解放军官兵来说,在陌生的乡村开展新的革命工作可谓驾轻就熟,但面对大城市却使他们犯了难。这些战士大多来自北方农村,对江南城市的生活极为陌生。由于不熟悉城市生活,在之前接管的城市工作中闹出不少笑话,甚至付出了生命的代价。为了确保接管工作顺利进行,华东区着手抽调一批在上海暴露的地下党员与地方干部,组成编写组负责材料的搜集和撰写工作,旨在指导渡江部队尽快适应城市生活。其中一本二万余字的小册子《城市常识》(下文简称《常识》)就是专门为入城部队编写的培训教材。作者结合之前接管城市中的意外案例,针对性地介绍了城市日常设施的使用方法以及城市居民的风俗习惯,文风平易近人,内容通俗易懂,堪称入城实用百科全书。

人身安全要谨记
城市夜生活的耀目美景离不开明灯霓虹的装点,然而这些随处可见的灯饰却成为夺取解放军战士生命的隐形杀手。接管石家庄后,几个干部除夕大扫除时争着用湿布擦灯泡,导致全体触电身亡;江苏小城里一位战士在灯泡里点卷烟,手碰触电极被吸住,另一位战士即刻伸手去拉,结果“双双变成紫色的尸首”。针对战士们遇到的触电危险,《常识》以电灯为重点,详细介绍城市电力系统和原理,普及使用方法和注意事项,针对容易触电的操作都一一作了分析。编纂者精心地将各种常用电器绘制成图,配以浅显的解说,提醒战士们重点提防潜在危险:风扇转动时远离叶片谨防削手致残,避免把手伸进插座孔里触电,煮饭用的电炉和煤气灶要小心使用等等。还对常见的城市设施如电梯、电铃和电话等做了一番用法大扫盲,堪称“最全电器说明书”。


《城市常识》插图:电灯泡、电风扇、电炉


交通事故是另一大高危因素。火车是乘坐频率最高、也是事故率高发的交通工具。解放军部队进入陇海铁路线和津浦线后,因火车造成的死亡人数极多,事故原因包括头伸出车外被迎面而来的火车剐蹭,在站台拦停高速行驶的火车,火车没有停稳就跳车,以及在铁轨上滞留和奔跑。虽然许多战士在进城前坐过集体火车,但并不清楚购票和乘车规则,个人乘车时有未购票就直接上车的、有坐反方向的、有不按时按点候车的,甚至还有在铁轨边搭招手停的情况。教材指导战士们买票流程、站台须知和乘车规则。尤其强调注意安全,防止上述悲剧的发生。


《城市常识》插图配文:红灯亮时停止,绿灯亮时通行。

解放军野外作战时拦爬汽车是常见的事,但进城后就成了要命的习惯,极易造成主干道交通混乱和人员伤亡。针对这些问题,教材介绍了城市中各类车辆,重点介绍了消防车、救护车等特殊车辆,提醒战士们遇到有紧急任务的车都必须避让。同时教材绘制城市交通图,详细普及了人行道的用途、红灯停绿灯行的交通规则、有轨电车和汽车的乘坐方式等交通常识,尤其强调服从交警听指挥,不能因为是旧有的警察系统就抓进监狱,也不能以功臣自居,“开东开西,使交通警察增加困难”。
提防特务莫大意
鱼龙混杂的大城市不仅充满危险的事物,还暗藏潜伏的敌人,不甘失败的国民党政府撤退时在城中布置了大批特务。一些战士想当然地认为特务是穿军服的,在接管沈阳和济南时犯了以衣识人的教条主义错误,见身着制服的人便不分青红皂白逮捕,引起市民的恐慌和不满。为了杜绝乱抓乱捕的现象,《常识》针对上海不同阶层的市民群体做了详细的衣着调查,当时上海校服流行卡其布质地的夹克和呢大衣,与国民党军队制服很相似,教材特别强调以军帽和绑腿来区分学生校服和军队制服。由于美军曾在上海大量抛售过质美价廉的美式军服,城市青年购买美式军服的也不在少数,因此教材还请战士注意不要误抓穿美国军大衣的普通市民。
事实上,真正的特务并不会穿着制服在大街上招摇过市,他们往往潜藏在阴暗的角落布置棋子伺机窃取情报。而军队干部进城前没有地下斗争的经验,随意把文件放在口袋里或者直接拿在手上成为习惯,丝毫没有保密意识,很容易被特务雇佣的扒手盯上。上海的扒手手段尤其巧妙、防不胜防,因此教材要求大家在人流密集的公共场所多留心眼,牢记“财不外露,提高警惕”的八字秘诀。除窃取情报外,特务还会利用妓女引诱和腐蚀干部和战士,当然女特务也会亲自上阵。这些站街女会“嬉皮笑脸、连拉带拖”地把路人往家里带,如果中招了,就会在“跟她腐化”时被套出机密文件,一旦被“腐化”轻则破坏革命工作,重则染上梅毒或其他不治之症,因此教材提醒进城官兵看到这些“特殊的人”一定要站稳立场,以极端严肃的态度拒绝。
作为远东国际大都市,上海与乡村极大的不同体现在“华洋杂处”的人居格局。教材将外国人分为“非帝国主义的外国人”与“伪装特务的外国敌对分子”,对前者“要予以充分的尊重”,不能因对方高鼻深目的特殊长相随意抓人;对后者则要警惕他们“假借买卖、教书、传教、办报、采访为名从事刺探军情的勾当”。书中还特别叮嘱战士不要随便照相,以免“给特务们搜集现成材料的机会”。


上海市民阅读共产党宣传海报

团结市民心连心
城市和乡村具有截然不同的伦理文化和生活习惯。在与市民打交道时,许多官兵以乡村的一套习惯待人处事。据当事人回忆,干部们刚进城时不但不熟悉城市生活,阶级仇恨的思维方式导致他们“见到衣衫褴褛者就倍感亲近,对衣着整洁者则侧目而视”。在1947年代对石家庄的一次大搜查中,一些干部将居民家中的拖把当填充土炮的工具,勒令这些“反革命”交出大炮。这些情绪和误解使得接管工作遇到许多阻力。《常识》特辟一章将城市居民按照职业和经济地位划分阶级成分,教育官兵要团结市民和睦共处,维持城市稳定秩序。首先应尊重城市居民,对待市民的态度要“热情、正派、和气,不要轻浮”,使居民了解“我党我军是正直无私、和蔼可亲的人”。要和市民讲客套,称呼不能如农村一样简单直接,要系统学习城市的礼貌称谓,比如先生、小姐、同学等等。对都市开放的生活作风也要持宽容态度,看到“马路上男人和女人手挽着手地走着,我们不要惊奇、好笑,也不应去侮辱他们”,不能用乡村的保守风俗指责城市居民,而要通过以后的改造逐步树立新的城市风气。


进城后露宿街头的解放军官兵

在注意和市民打交道的同时,进城官兵还应尊重市民生活的习惯。过去部队行军物资缺乏,习惯向老乡借钱粮和日常物品应急。虽然会打欠条按时归还,但对习惯于商品买卖的市民来说,打欠条借物不符合商业逻辑,因此部队专门成立负责借物的机关进行统一筹借防止扰民。传统乡村的本质是熟人共同体,串门子走邻居是常见的交往方式。但大城市中公私空间泾渭分明,家作为绝对的私领域并不随时对陌生人敞开大门,因此教材强调官兵不能像在乡下一样“为了拉呱(聊天)和好奇不请自入”,更不能随意开口要求在市民家借宿。即使是找人和拜访也不能擅入居民家中,要按规矩敲门和按门铃,如果在下雨天进房间要擦干净鞋底,注意城市卫生。在不扰民的同时,还要严格遵循城市纪律,尤其禁止鸣枪,以免引发居民恐慌。
初入上海多留心
城市和乡村遵循的生存逻辑全然不同。上海的消费文化极为发达,钱,理所当然地成为在上海生存的根本基础。但这对于习惯于自给自足的农村官兵来说却与剥削并无二致。有的战士抱怨进城衣食住行都要钱:坐车买票要钱,生火做饭要煤气钱,点电灯要电钱,甚至连喝水也要交自来水钱,生出许多不满。一些战士不知道进公园需要买门票,结果和售票员产生冲突,打伤对方强行闯入,造成了不良影响。
针对这一现象,《常识》向战士们科普了钱的用途,并特别标注了需要用钱的场所,提醒战士们不要随意进入。对于免费的场所,如博物馆、动物院为代表的文化机关,提醒大家在遵守章程的同时鼓励大家参观学习,尤其在动物院观赏动物时不能忘乎所以地打开笼子,否则“会飞的飞走,要吃人的就到处咬人”。针对收费的场所,除了介绍一般的百货商店和金融机构之外,《常识》将城市公共空间划分为正规的文化娱乐场所和“特殊”场所两类。正规的商业场所包括公园和游泳池,提醒战士们进入这些地方要掏钱买票,虽然这是资本主义的“老一套”,但在现阶段必须要忍耐,在民主政府没有废除买票制度前绝对禁止强行闯入。如果在被旧社会腐化的游泳池和运动场看到“谈恋爱吊膀子的小姐哥儿们”,也不要觉得败坏风气,“不要随便干涉别人的行动,更不要看不惯,谩骂人家”,要顾全大局,一切以团结人民和稳定局势为主。
相比于对屈指可数的几个正式场所的简单介绍,教材列举的特殊场所类型远远多于前者。大烟馆、赌博场、跑马厅、妓院这种涉及“黄赌毒”,甚至连满足日常衣食住行的茶馆、咖啡馆、饮冰室,乃至电影院、京戏院、照相馆和理发馆都榜上有名。几乎所有的消费场所均被视为需要改造的“复杂腐化”场所。除非肩负特殊工作任务或者上级批准,这些场所一概禁止入内。


民国上海游艺场天韵楼

另一些特殊场所的名称具有迷惑性,比如舞厅。在新民主主义社会建设的公家舞厅,跳舞意味着纯粹的娱乐和运动,因此并没有以跳舞为职业的舞女,跳舞只是“同志间集体娱乐的一种高尚运动”。而大城市中资本家治下的舞厅老板雇了一批舞女当商品,按跳舞时间来算钱,骗人钱财不说还腐化人心。因此在城市的大街上听悠扬的音乐,看见建筑美丽,千万别以为是开音乐晚会而“直闯了进去”。游艺场是城市里一般市民玩的地方,包含平剧场、双簧、大鼓书、地方戏、滑稽戏等各种混合游艺,因廉价深受工人、贫民和小商人的欢迎。虽然演艺形式丰富但格调不高,内容“多半是最淫荡的低级趣味的”,“如果善加利用,改造新内容和新思想,将会是城市依靠大众、团结大众的好场所”。


解放军从外白渡桥进入外滩

在中共中央的高度重视和充分准备下,部队渡江后由政训队培训城市政策,指导官兵学习城市常识。两个月后,也就是1949年5月,解放军进驻上海,钢铁般的军纪和对市民的充分尊重赢得了社会各界交口称赞。随着接管工作的顺利进行,旧上海换了新天地,从帝国主义堡垒改造成了人民的城市。这背后想来也有这本小册子的一份功劳。
参考资料:
《城市常识》,第三野战军十兵团政治部编印,1949年3月。
《接管上海》,北京:中国广播电视出版社,1993年2月版。

(责任编辑:李东舰 CN031)
 
乌日尼勒图嘎查 范家房子 康家会镇 上东塘 新胜庄
北江乡 公安干校 丽景号公馆 圣灯 小孤山西里